Critical approaches

The larger function of literature is to teach morality and to probe philosophical issues. Good work is one that is interesting because it conveys meaning in an interesting way, an intriguing way to say the "same old thing" Pope: "True wit is Nature to advantage dressed.

The text becomes a work only when it is read, and no two readers receive exactly the same meaning from identical texts. Sociological criticism attempts to relate what happens in texts to social events and patterns; the most important functions of literature involve the way that literature both portrays and influences human interactions.

Feminist Criticism: Strongly conscious that most of recorded history has given grossly disproportionate attention to the interests, thoughts, and actions of men, feminist thought endeavors both to extend contemporary attention to distinctly feminine concerns, ideas, and accomplishments and to recover the largely unrecorded and unknown history of women in earlier times.

Critical approaches in writing a critique ppt

Post-structuralism : The umbrella designation for any of several schools of criticism which, while depending crucially on the insights of science-based theory, attack the very idea that any kind of certitude can exist about the meaning, understandibility, or sharability of texts. Examples: Christian humanist, Marxist, feminist, "moral crusader " censorship 3. This is distinct from mechanical unity, the external, preconceived structure of rules that do not arise from the individuality of the work but from the type or genre. Sociological Criticism: Literature is one aspect of the larger processes of history, particularly those which involve people in social groups or as members of social institutions or movements. Jungian Criticism [Carl Jung]: assumes humans share a collective unconscious which contains universal images, patterns, and forms of human experiences or archetypes, and that embedded in all literature is the central myth--the monomyth of the quest B. Opponents--those who insist on a consistency of ideological commitment--argue that pluralists are simply unwilling to state or admit their real commitments, and any mixing of methods leads to confusion, uncertainty, and inconsistency rather than fairness. New Critical analysis or explication of the text has become so universally accepted as the first step in understanding literature that it is almost everywhere the critical approach taught in introductory literature courses. Psychological Criticism: assumes that literature is the expression of the author's psyche, often his or her unconscious, and, like dreams, needs to be interpreted. Phenomenological Criticism: Critics of consciousness consider all the writings of an author as the expression of his or her mind-set. The textual approach: 1 what is the actual text? New Historicism: Drawing on the insights of modern anthropology, it wishes to isolate the fundamental values in texts and cultures, and it regards texts both as evidence of basic cultural patterns and as forces in social and cultural change.

New Critical analysis or explication of the text has become so universally accepted as the first step in understanding literature that it is almost everywhere the critical approach taught in introductory literature courses. Post-structuralism : The umbrella designation for any of several schools of criticism which, while depending crucially on the insights of science-based theory, attack the very idea that any kind of certitude can exist about the meaning, understandibility, or sharability of texts.

The mythic approach: universal patterns of human behavior and thinking as conveyed in literature. Style: What literary devices or techniques are used, and are they effective?

formalism approach

The biographical approach: the relationship of the writer's life to the work. Yet pluralists contend that they make use of promising insights or methods wherever they find them and argue that putting together the values of different approaches leads to a more fair and balanced view of texts and their uses.

12 critical approaches
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CRITICAL APPROACHES